Wise Sayings of Vidur – 2
Wise Sayings of Vidur – 2
Some of the sayings of Mahatma Vidur to the king Dhritharashtra is given below:
These two persons never shine because of their incompatible acts, viz., a householder without exertion and a beggar busied in schemes.These two live (as it were) in a region higher than heaven itself, viz., a man of power endued with forgiveness, and poor man that is charitable.
These two should be thrown into the water, tightly binding weights to their necks, viz., a wealthy man that does not give away, and a poor man that is proud.Great fear springs from these three crimes, viz., theft of other’s property, outrage on other’s wives, and breach with friend.
These three, besides, being destructive to one’s own self, are the gates of hell, viz., lust, anger, and covetousness. Therefore, everyone should renounce them.Crowned with prosperity and leading the life of a householder, let this four dwell with you, viz., old consanguineous, relatives, high-born persons fallen into adversity, poor friends, and issueless sisters.
These five fires should be worshipped with regard by a person, viz., father, mother, fire (proper), soul and preceptor.By serving these five, men attain great fame in this world, viz., the gods, the ancestors, men, beggars, and guests.These five follow you wherever you go, viz., friends, foes, those that are indifferent, dependants, and those that are entitled to maintenance.
The six faults should be avoided by a person who wishes to attain prosperity, viz., sleep, drowsiness, fear, anger, indolence, and procrastination.These six should be renounced like a splitting vessel in the sea, viz., a preceptor that cannot expound the scriptures, a priest that is illiterate, a king that is unable to protect, a wife that speak disagreeable words, a cow-herd that doth not wish to go to the fields, and a barber that wish to renounce a village for the woods.Verily, those six qualities should never be forsaken by men, viz., truth, charity, diligence, benevolence, forgiveness, and patience.
These six are always miserable, viz., the envious, the malicious, the discontented, the irascible, the ever-suspicious, and those depending upon the fortunes of others.A king (or in modern times, a leader or an administrator) should renounce these seven faults; women, dice, hunting, drinking, the harshness of speech, the severity of punishment, and misuse of wealth.These eight qualities glorify a man, viz., wisdom, high birth, self-restraint, learning, prowess, moderation in speech, gift according to one’s power, and gratitude.
This house has nine doors, three pillars, and five witnesses. It is presided over by the soul. That learned man who know all this is truly wise. (Meaning : The human body has nine holes. The three pillars are as per ayurveda – vada,pitham,kapam.The five witnesses are five senses)
These ten do not know what virtue is viz., the intoxicated, inattentive, the raving, the fatigued, the angry, the starving, the hasty, the covetous, the frightened, and the lustful. Therefore, he that is wise must eschew the company of these.One should read Vidurneethi so that he could lead a successful healthy, wealthy and spiritual life.
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