Wise Sayings of Vidur
Wise Sayings of Vidur
Mahabharata,the great Indian Epic is unique in the sense one may get all guidelines to lead a healthy.wealthy, spiritual life from it.
In Udyogaparva we come across a beautiful dialogue between Vidur and King Dhrutharashtra.
Vidur was the half-brother of Dhrutharashtra. He is considered to be the incarnation of Dharma Raja Yama (God of Death)
Duryodhana, the son of Dhrutharashtra.refused the demand of Pandavas for minimum compensation.
Worried over the turn of events Dhrutharashtra called Vidur and wanted to hear the policies that must be adopted by all for leading a smooth worldly life.
This portion is called as VidurNeethi.
I How to be happy?
Discriminating the two by means of the one, bring under thy subjection the three by means of four, and also conquering the five and knowing the six, and abstaining from the seven, be happy.
It is very difficult to understand here what is meant by one, two etc.
The learned have explained the meaning thus:
One means firm intelligence
Two means determining correctly what is to be done and what not to be done.
Three means friend, enemy and a neutral person
Four means Sama,Dana,Bheda, Dhandam. Sama means conciliation. Dana means gifts or compensation.Bheda means usage of Logic or Trickery of mind.Dhanda means force or armaments.
Five means five senses
Six means sandhi,vigraham,yanam,asanam, dvidhibhav and samasrayanam
These are the six ways which Code for Kings stipulates.
Seven means excessive desire of women, playing dice, hunting, drinking, using harsh words, hard punishment and spending money recklessly.
Now if we apply our mind using the above definitions, we will be able to understand what Vidur says.
II What one should not do alone?
Alone one should not partake of any savoury viand, nor alone reflect on concerns of profit, nor alone go upon a journey, nor alone remain awake among sleeping companions.
III Which are the two like thorns on the body?
These two are like sharp thorns afflicting the body, viz., the desires of a poor man, and the anger of the impotent.
(To be continued)
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