Formula Thirteen for Success —– S.Nagarajan
One of the wisest and most practical men ever walked on earth, Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790) has formulated a success formula. He used it and succeeded.
He listed out the following thirteen virtues and annexed to each a short precept, which fully expressed the extend he gave to its meaning:
Temperance: Eat not to dullness; drink not to elevation.
Silence: Speak not but what may benefit others or yourself; avoid trifling conversation.
Order: Let all your things have their places; let each part of your business have its time.
Resolution: Resolve to perform what you ought; perform without fail what you resolve.
Frugality: Make no expense but to do good to others or yourself; i.e., waste nothing.
Industry: Lose no time; be always employed in something useful; cut off all unnecessary actions.
Sincerity: Use no hurtful deceit; think innocently and justly and, if you speak, speak accordingly.
Justice: Wrong none by doing injuries, or omitting the benefits that are your duty.
Moderation: Avoid extremes; forbear resenting injuries so much as you think they deserve.
Cleanliness: Tolerate no uncleanliness in body, clothes, or habitation.
Tranquility: Be not disturbed at trifles, or at accidents common or unavoidable.
Chastity: Rarely use venery but for health or off-spring, never to dullness, weakness or the injury of your own or another’s peace or reputation.
Humility: Imitate Jesus and Socrates.
In his Autobiography, he states: “I made a little book, in which I allotted a page for each of the virtues. I ruled each page with red ink, so as to have seven columns, one for each day of the week, marking each column with a letter for the day. I crossed these columns with thirteen red lines, marking the beginning of each line with the first letter of one of the virtues, on which line, and in its proper column. I might mark, by a little black spot, every fault I found upon examination to have been committed respecting that virtue upon that day.”
In this way he was able to go through his entire list in thirteen weeks, and repeat the process for four times in a year. Needless to say that he has achieved his goal.Frank Bettger one of the greatest salesmen of America read the book and formulated his own success plan. He wanted to apply this technique for selling. Hence he substituted seven new skills which he thought would be more helpful to him to develop his business replacing Franklin’s seven virtues.
Frank Bettger’s list:
Think in terms of others’ interests
Sincerity: deserve confidence
Knowledge of my business
Appreciation and praise
Remember names and faces
Service and prospecting
Closing the sale: action
Mr.Bettger made up 5” x 3” card, a pocket reminder for each one of his subjects and carried it with him for a week .The technique worked for him.
One may prepare his/her own list to suit his/her own needs. We may analyze ourselves, list out our weaknesses in order to eliminate them using the formula 13. Replace purposeless life with definite goals, laziness with enthusiasm, procrastination with immediate action, routine work with creativity and so on.
A list of 50 virtues/skills is given below for your ready reference.
· Public speaking
· Exercises for health
· Praise others finding good qualities
· Have more friends
· Service to others
· Stop criticizing
· Get tough emotionally
· Positive thinking
· Time management
· Acquiring knowledge
· Learn: to organize
· Making the handicap as asset
· Increasing energy
· Finding new hobbies
· Auto suggestion
· Live today
· Forget and forgive
· Working in rhythmic harmony
· Be humble
· Keeping journals
· Physical discipline
· Problem solving techniques
· Using both sides of the brain
· Mind development
· Job skills
· Doing one thing at a time
· Gathering ideas (brainstorming)
· Finding new methods
· Make personal slogans for improvement
· Body language
· Mind mapping
· The list is never ending one.
Make your own formula 13. One who follows formula 13 will definitely succeed!
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One sure way of getting success is to collect all success techniques and keep a Success Techniques Diary. You can study, review your techniques and plan your action on a day to day basis.Hundreds of Self Improvement books reveal numerous novel techniques.
A collection of such techniques is given below:
Gather New Ideas – Napoleon Hill
Not Intelligent Quotient; but Illumination Quotient is important. You have to illuminate your ideas and actions!
Praise yourself; when you do something you are proud of dwell on it a little. Praise yourself for it.
Work hard – R. L. Stevenson
Negative attitude is to be changed to positive and optimistic opinion.
Stand tall – physically
Stand tall -mentally
Stand tall – spiritually
Rise early; go to bed early.
Don’t stop reading/learning till your end.
Have more friends.
Learn to say ‘NO’ whenever it is needed.
Birds of Success flock together. Go where success breeds. Try to get as near as you can to people successful in the way you want to be successful. Promptness is a contagious inspiration. It is one of the practical virtues of civilization.Do not criticize; if necessary, then do not add emotion. Remember unjust criticism is often a disguised compliment. Remember that no one kicks a dead dog.Marcus Aurelius said – “Dig within”. There lies the well–spring of good. Ever dig and it will ever flow!To get success…. Win with your strengths.
- a) Pick one strength to pursue
- b) exercise your strength daily
- c) look for complimentary partners
- d) develop a support system
To live in this world you just have to be strong. So start developing inner toughness or tensile strength of mind and spirit.Talk about your mistakes first before criticizing the other person.
All success swings on the three phrases listed below:
- a) Inspiration to action
- b) Knowhow
- c) Activity knowledge
If you must slander someone, don’t speak it, but write it. Write it in the sand, near the waters edge – Napoleon Hill
Lie flat on the floor whenever you feel tired. Stretch as tall as you can. Roll round if you want to. Do it twice a day. – Dale Carnegie
Read autobiographies of strong and powerful men who are really great.
Systematic Work: Cultivate the habit of doing everything systematically. You will acquire tremendous speed in your work.
You can jot down your own Success Techniques!
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Auto Suggestion for Achievement
The power of suggestion was proved scientifically.
An interesting experiment was narrated by Baron Nils Posse in his famous book, ‘Hypnotism’ The Experiment was carried out by a scientist during Napolean III time. Here a scientist procured a criminal with the consent of Napolean III to find out the relationship between the body and the mind. The criminal was sentenced to death by law but handed over to the scientist to carry out his experiment. The criminal thought that his death was certain. The scientist informed the man that he was going to open his carotid artery. The criminal was made to understand that his blood would be taken out by bleeding him to death on a particular day.
On the fixed date the scientist had the criminal tied to a table with his eyes blind folded. His ears were however left free so that he could hear anything. In that state the scientist took a needle and made a slight scratch on the neck of the criminal and so arranged a small water tap which was dropping water into a vessel that stood underneath. Silence prevailed everywhere. The criminal heard the water dropping sound from the tap and since he was blind folded, he believed that the sound was by his own blood flowing away from his body.
He was left in that condition. He died within six minutes. Only a slight scratch was given and in fact not even a drop of blood came out his body, but yet he died because he believed that his own blood was flowing out by hearing the tilting sound of the water tap. He strongly believed that his death was inevitable and so he died.
Such is the relationship between mind and body. What is believed or thought in the mind is actually effected in the body. The above experiment very well explains the power of suggestion. By using suggestion one could overcome his/her ailments and problems.
Emile Coue the authority on auto suggestion writes, “The repetition of the same words will force you to think of them and when you think of them they become true for you and transform themselves into reality.”
Everyday in the morning we have to repeat the curative suggestion for about fifteen minutes. In the night just before going to sleep this may be repeated again for fifteen minutes for better benefits.
Coue composed a suggestion in French language since he was a French man. This was translated in English by Orton. The general formula to serve all purposes is as under: “Day by day in every way I am getting better and better.”
Whoever repeats this everyday will get immense benefits.
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Every Little Helps!
Have you ever heard the little story of Mr. Little? For your ready reference the story is given below.
Mr. Little lived in a little house in a little town and he worked for a very little salary. The neighbours wondered how Mr. Little and the whole Little family could get along on such a small salary. He was asked, “Mr. Little, How do you, Mrs. Little and the seven little Littles get along on such a little salary?”
He replied, “Every Little helps!”
Yes, every little helps in everybody’s life. A famous Tamil proverb often quoted is: ‘Small drops make ocean’!
The famous Ganges originates from Gangotri. It is situated at a height of 10,319 feet.
The most sacred river of Hindus originates as little drops! Then Mother Ganges comes out of a crevice and falls as a cascade, twenty feet high, into an egg shaped place.
From Himalayas it flows 1567 miles southeastward across an immense undulating plain.
The Ganges drainage basin covers an area of around 376,800 square miles, roughly a quarter of the Indian Subcontinent. Flowing through one of the world’s most densely populated areas; the Ganges carries an enormous cargo of sediments at an annual average of 2.4 billion tonnes that is more than any other river!
Greatness comes from little things!
Here is a story from The Bustan of Sadi: “A rain drop fell from a spring cloud, and, seeing the wide expanse of the sea, was ashamed. ‘Where is the sea’, it is reflected, “where I am? Compared with that, forsooth, I am extinct.”
While thus regarding itself with an eye of contempt, an oyster took it to its bosom, and fate so shaped its course that eventually the raindrop became a famous royal pearl.
It was exalted, for it was humble. Knocking at the door of extinction, it became existent.
Orison Swett Marden quotes Gothe and Sydney Smith in his book ‘Cheerfulness’ to emphasize a few good points.
“One ought, every day,” says Gothe, “at least to hear a little song, read a good poem, see a fine picture, and, if it were possible, to speak a few reasonable words”
Sydney Smith recommends us to make at least one person happy every day: “Take ten years, and you will make thirty- six hundred and fifty persons happy: or brighten a small town by your contribution to the fund of general joy.”
Every great journey starts with a small step. Why don’t you start now?
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Thoughts Determine Your Success
Swami Vivekananda teaches: “We are what our thoughts made us; so take care what you think. Words are secondary. Thoughts live, they travel far. Each thought we think is tinged with our character, so that for the pure and holy man, even his jest or abuse will have the twist of his own love and purity and do good.”
The inward state of blessedness can be cultivated by cultivating the mind by proper thoughts. The mind is to be trained to create, entertain, and perpetuate only right mental states. You have to give every thought you think the tendency and the power to promote your own individual purpose of life.
James Allen in his book, ‘From Poverty to Power’ narrates an interesting incident:
‘I know a lady who has entered into many blissful satisfactions, and recently a friend remarked to her, “Oh! How fortunate you are! You only have to wish for a thing, and it comes to you”. And it did, indeed appear so on the surface; but in reality all the blessedness that has entered into this woman’s life is the direct outcome of the inward state of blessedness which she has, throughout life, been cultivating and training toward perfection.’
Our dominant trends of thought determine our success or our failure.Buddha declared: “We are what we think. With our thoughts we make the world.”
So think positively. This should become a life time habit. And definitely in course of time all the silent forces will work and bring what one wants. It is worth remembering the famous quote:
“The heights by great men reached and kept,
Were not attained by sudden flight, but they,
while their companions slept,
Were toiling upward in the night”
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Think Positively to Get Whatever You Want
Each and every thought of ours is producing a definite form. Has it been proved?
The famous American, Ted Serios had produced ‘thoughtograph’ as they are called since 1955 and had undergone dozens of investigations including one by the magazine, Life. Ted Serios’s thought pictures were photographed according to the issue dated 30-10-67 of Life. He became the subject of the book, ‘The World of Ted Serios’ written by a reputable Denver psychiatrist named Dr. Jule Eisenbud. The book interprets 80 thoughtographs made by Serios and reports on the years of exhaustive testing. To reduce
the chances of trickery, Eisenbud requested him to turn out pictures while stripped nude, and even with an encephalograph wired to his scalp. He was also asked to produce pictures both inside a shielded metal chamber and through heavy panes of lead-impregnated glass- and he did.Dozens of scientific experts called in by Eisunbud to witness his feverish sessions and they confessed that they were baffled. Hindus are conversant with the idea of thought form and they have a deity by name Chitragupta who is keeping an account of each and everybody’s thoughts and the forms produced by them!
Yoga Vasistha is one of the greatest expositions of the subtle principles of Yoga. The Scripture analyses various aspects of mind, thought, consciousness etc. It categorically declares that,” Our actions and achievements are in accordance with the thought and having enjoyed the fruits of our action we get bound to them. The thought that one entertains repeatedly issues forth in the branches of impulses and actions”.Positive thoughts produces positive results and negative thought produces negative results. In their famous book, “Psychic Discoveries behind the Iron Curtain,’ Sheila Ostrander and Lynn Schroder explain the various scientific experiments carried out in Russia with Yuri Kamensky, a biophysicist.Four important points are worth mentioning.
1) “In one particularly good series , the versatile Kamensky gave up his role as sender to the student Alex Monin. Kamensky himself received. Short, mean bursts of emotion came from Monin.He concentrated on the anxiety of suffocation. He imagined a racking attack of asthma, then a chocking fit. Monin sent each feeling blast nine times. In isolation, Kamensky felt and became consciously aware of the particular emotions in 80 percent of the trials.
2) Karl Nikolaiev , Kamensky’s partner said, “There is one kind of test really I hate- the tests with negative emotions. They sometime make me sick for hours”
3) “Negative emotions have a bleak effect on your physiology as well as your psychology. Cheerful, “positive thinking” helps the body itself recoup. Drs.Pavlova, Sergeyev, and Naumov uncovered impressive data on the powers of thought. It seems you don’t even have to boil of your own nasty thoughts. Some one else can cook them up and send them to you.
4) Untelepathically, the Soviets already knew that thought could reach right down to your blood cells. In 1956, Drs. S. Serov and A Troskin of Sverdlovsk demonstrated that the number of white blood cells rose
by fifteen hundred after they suggested positive emotion to patients. After impressing negative emotion, the white cells decreased by sixteen hundred. White blood cells, or leukocytes, are one of the body’s main defenses against disease.
Charles Gilbert Davis in his book,
‘The Philosophy of Life’ says: “It is absolutely true that every thought we think has its corresponding effect on the whole or some part of human anatomy. Much has been said or written on this subject, yet from my observation as a physician I must say that I am astounded that it has not received a deeper consideration. Not a day passes that I do not see wonderful illustrations of this fact: that the mind can both create and cure disease”.
From all of the above facts, one can easily understand that thoughts are seeds. If we could sow positive, helpful thoughts, we could reap corresponding benefits. Hence think positively to get whatever you want!
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How to increase IQ? Solving problems by selective encoding -Part III
This is in continuation of the article titled, ‘How to increase IQ? Solving problems by selective encoding -Part II’ published earlier.
Here is an interesting problem. Cross out six letters from the following sequence so that the remaining letters, without altering their sequence, spell a well known word:
B S I A N X L A E T N T A E R S
Duration: Five minutes. If you are successful it is OK. If not please refer the answer given below:
The answer is ‘B A N A N A’
You will get by removing the letters ‘S I X L E T T E R S’ from the sequence. It requires selective encoding approach to solve the problem.
How much sand is there in a hole of one foot wide one foot length and one foot deep?
Duration: Thirty seconds
The answer for the above problem is given below:
A hole is a hole only when there is no sand. Hence in a hole there will be no sand at all!
We may quote two more problems analysed by R.J. Sternberg for selective encoding. Please try these two problems.
Twenty three students are studying in a class room. All but seven of them went on a museum trip and thus were away for the day. How many of them remained in class that day.
An airplane crashes on the U.S.-Canadian border. In what country are the survivors buried?
These problems again require selective encoding for their correct solution.
Take the first problem. People frequently immediately subtract seven from twenty-three to obtain sixteen as their answer. But this answer is incorrect. The critical word in the problem is “but”. It is not the case that seven students went on the museum trip but rather that “all but seven” went on the trip.
In the second problem the critical word is “survivors”. The correct solution to this problem requires careful reading and selective encoding of the word “survivors”.
Unless you read the problem very carefully, you will not come up with the correct answer that the survivors are not buried.
Now the readers can list out their own problems for selective encoding.
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How to increase IQ? Solving problems by selective encoding -Part II
This is in continuation of the article titled, ‘How to increase IQ? Solving problems by selective encoding -Part I’ published earlier.
Can you make one word out of the letters in ‘new door’?
Duration: One minute only. If you are not able to find out the answer, please see below:
The answer is: One word. If you rearrange the letters you will get: One word.
Even though the problem is very simple very many people could not solve it. Because they are lack of the problem solving technique. Can it be developed?
Robert J Sternberg has selected carefully well- structured mathematical and logical problems. Given below are some of his selections.
Each of the following problems requires selective encoding for its solutions.
Problem no 1: Calendars made in England do not show Lincoln’s birthday, of course. Do these calendars show the fourth of July?
Problem no 2: A man was putting some finishing touches on his house and realized that he still needed one thing. He went to the hardware store and asked the clerk, “How much will sixteen cost me?” The clerk in the hardware store answered, “They are a dollar a piece, so sixteen will cost two dollars.” What did the may buy?
Problem 3: In the Howard family, there are four sisters, and each sister has one brother. If you count Mr.Howard, how many males are there in the Howard Family?
Please contemplate. If you are successful, it is OK. If not, answers are given below:
Answer for Problem 1: Yes. The fourth of July is not marked as Independence Day, however.
Answer for Problem 2: The man was buying housing numbers. There are two numbers, one and six, to be bought, so the total cost is two dollars.
Answer for Problem 3: Two. The only males in the family are father and his one son, who is the brother of each of his sisters.
How to solve the problem? First list the relevant information for solving each problem. Then analyse the problem and apply selective encoding. You will get the answers.
We will see more problems in the next article.
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